When working with ESP32 WiFi/Bluetooth MCU under Arduino SDK for ESP32, you will notice that
Serial work just fine. But
Serial2 do not. ESP32 has 3 hardware serial ports that can be mapped to almost any pin. But,
Serial2 will not work. In case of ESP32 this just has to be done in a slightly different way:
The trick is to use
HardwareSerial library to access UART 1 and 2 instead of
HardwareSerialaccepts one parameter in constructor, it is a number of UART. Values from
0(UART 1) to
- HardwareSerial(0) is the same as
Serialso be aware
beginmethod accepts 4 parameters
- baud speed
- UART mode
- RX pin
- TX pin
The real beauty of this solution is that almost any pin can be used as TX or RX pin for any serial port. Most ESP32 dev boards have labels like TX2 or RX2, but you really do not have to exactly those pins. Every other GPIO pin can act as Serial RX, but only the ones between GPIO0 and GPIO31 can be used as TX. Still, that gives plenty of pins to choose from...
More about ESP32 can be read in Getting Started With ESP32 and Arduino post.
Here you can find the selection of the most interesting ESP32 Arduino compatible boards.